Tag: sponsored article

From $600 to $5 Million in Three Years: Smoke Cartel’s Story

Sean Geng and Darby Cox, at only 23 years old, have built Smoke Cartel into one of the most successful online head shops in a growing industry. Smoke Cartel is now a leading online retailer of glass water pipes, vaporizers, and any other smoking accessory you can think of, but it started off a lot smaller.

Smoke Cartel founders holding glass pipesSmoke Cartel’s founders Sean Geng and Darby Cox with some of the site’s wares. (Courtesy of Smoke Cartel)

Smoke Cartel was born in early 2014, when Geng and Cox were both students at Savannah College of Art and Design. The pair scraped together $600, bought some inventory, and started a small online glass business out of their apartment. By 2016, that business had grown to fill a 40,000 square foot warehouse and made $5 million in revenue.

Here are five factors that have helped them succeed along the way—and that they’re counting on to carry them further in the future.

Identify Your Market

“We saw a need in the industry for a clean, well-built, and professional online head shop,” says Cox. “The reaction we’ve gotten from customers shows that many other people saw that need as well.”


Top 10 Glass Brands to Watch for in 2017

Smoke Cartel’s founders feel there are a few things that set them apart from the growing pack of online head shops:  great customer service, fast and dependable shipping, and transparency in an industry that, despite burgeoning legalization efforts across the country, is subject to more than its share of scrutiny.

“Even though Smoke Cartel doesn’t touch the plant itself, our business is closely associated with cannabis, and it’s certainly not something we shrink from,” adds Geng. “That has forced us to confront numerous challenges, such as not being able to rely on advertising tools like Facebook or use Google AdWords.”

Be a Change Agent

Those challenges, though, have forced Smoke Cartel’s founding partners to get creative when it comes to getting the word out about their business. It’s also turned the duo into advocates and educators for the cannabis industry.

“As we were getting Smoke Cartel off the ground, we were turned down for leases because of what we do and encountered plenty of banks that initially didn’t want to do business with us,” says Cox. “We’ve had to do a lot of work to overcome that stigma, but ultimately it’s been really inspiring seeing individuals who originally thought negatively of our industry begin to embrace it.”

Inside Smoke Cartel's warehouseDarby Cox and Sean Geng show off the Smoke Cartel warehouse. (Courtesy of Smoke Cartel)

Sweat the Details

Another factor that has contributed to Smoke Cartel’s rise is a site that’s both user-friendly and analytically minded. Thanks to his experience as a programmer, Geng knew what he had to keep in mind when developing an e-commerce site—fast load times and optimizations that make it easy to find through search—and how to execute those features.


5 Traits to Look for in a Quality, Modern-Day Head Shop

“When you’re selling something on the web—especially something that most customers are accustomed to buying in person—every detail counts,” explains Geng. “From making sure that people can find you to creating a platform that’s easy to use to using data to be sure you have the things people want to buy on hand, you can’t leave anything to chance.”

Hire for Diverse Skillsets

While Geng spent his time focused on infrastructure and analytics, Cox took point on purchasing products, spearheading marketing efforts, and understanding their customers.  Though they now employee dozens of people, the complementary teamwork that shaped the company when it was just a two-person operation still drives their hiring practices.


10 Glass Brands Bubbling to the Top of Your ‘Must Try’ List

“We’ve built the company by finding people with different strengths who could support Smoke Cartel as it grows,” Cox points out.  “It is so key to find a reliable team that you trust, people will grow with you and support the company.”

Don’t Settle

As the industry grows and legalization expands across the country, Geng and Cox expect Smoke Cartel to continue growing with it. They’re always looking for opportunities to expand, but their top priority is always making their first product a little bit better every day.

“You also have to be constantly working to make things better for customers,” advises Geng. “I don’t think I’ll ever be satisfied with the our platform as-is. There’s always something to improve.”

What’s the Future of Ethanol Extraction?

This article is sponsored by Capna Fabrications. Capna Fabrications is an industry-leading extraction equipment manufacturer and research facility based in southern California whose mission is to research and develop safe, innovative ethanol extraction technologies for the cannabis industry.

Ethanol is a tried and true solvent that’s been used for centuries to craft tinctures, essential oils, and similar substances. In modern times, this lab-grade alcohol is still among the most commonly deployed solvents, used in products from food flavorings to Rick Simpson Hemp Oil. That latter use is no accident, said Gene Galyuk, chief development officer at Capna Fabrications.

(Courtesy of Capna Fabrication)

“Rick Simpson designed his method around ethanol because he knew that the residual solvent in his medicinal oil would not adversely affect the consumer,” Galyuk said. “He also knew that ethanol was very aggressive at extracting all of the essential constituents in cannabis.”

Today, though the solvent remains the same, new technologies and processes are helping to unlock its true potential.

Ethanol Catches Up

While ethanol is a time-tested solvent, the industry standard today is to use butane or CO2 to create extracts like oil for vape cartridges. But next-generation tools are making food-grade alcohol an increasingly attractive extraction option by turning what has been seen as a weakness of ethanol into a strength.

In recent years, some have viewed ethanol’s structure as a strike against its potential as a solvent. Ethanol molecules have polar and nonpolar ends, making them able to bond with different kinds of molecules on either side. That means that while ethanol draws cannabinoids and terpenes out of the plants, it also brings other players along for the ride.

“There are aldahydes, esthers, ethyls, ketones, and a range of other chemicals that make up the full spectrum of beneficial compounds in cannabis,” said Capna’s principal chemist Erwin Sibal. “Because of the dual role ethanol plays as a solvent, it is capable of extracting the whole of the plant better than any hydrocarbon or CO2.”

(Courtesy of Capna Fabrication)

The downside of a whole-plant oil? It can often look like the whole plant is in there. Ethanol extractions have long had a reputation as being murkier than some of their counterparts crafted by other means, a side effect of molecules like chlorophyll that were extracted along with the cannabinoids.

The Next Generation

New ethanol extraction technologies, though, are placing this traditional solvent in the same sphere as popular extractors like butane and CO2. A system like the Ethos 4 by Capna Labs can draw 98.5% of the THC from a batch of cannabis, while also leaving the extract fully dewaxed and devoid of chlorophyll. The result is a rich golden hue unlike previous ethanol extracts that still maintains the essential oils and flavonoids found in cannabis flower.

(Courtesy of Capna Fabrication)

Operating at cryo temperatures (that’s really, really, really cold), the Ethos system works by spraying cannabis with 200-proof ethanol at freezing temperatures. After several re-circulations over the material, negative pressure transfers the resulting solution to a collection chamber where additional impurities are removed by micron filtration.

This super-cold, low-pressure means of extraction allows users to skip time-consuming processes like dewaxing and winterization and makes it possible to process up to 48 pounds of plant material in just one eight-hour shift. It’s not just fast, though—the closed loop of ethanol extraction makes it a safe bet as well.

“Fire marshals love the design of the Ethos,” said Galyuk, “It prevents any solvent or flammable vapor from ever exiting the system or venting into the extraction room where the system operates.”

Ready for Prime Time

Galyuk and his team were initially using a carbon dioxide-based system to craft cannabis extracts. After a few months, though, they got tired of using ethanol to dewax the resulting product. If they were going to have to keep ethanol on-hand anyway, why not try to develop a process that improved on the ways that solvent had been used previously?

Capna’s first few months of working to develop a new ethanol-based extraction system were marked by just enough successes to make the failures all the more frustrating. “For a very long time, we could not replicate our results,” said Galyuk. “Sometimes we would get a solution that was pristine yellow, and other times we would get a solution that was green and obviously contaminated with chlorophyll.”

After about six months of research and development, Capna’s ethanol extractors were fine-tuned and producing a uniform amber extract on every run, letting them focus on automating the process to minimize the potential for human error. Further improvements lowered ethanol consumption, improved system cooling, and minimized the number of electrical components operating near solvents. Years later, the “proof of concept” system for the Ethos extraction technique is still running strong at Capna’s southern California production facility.

(Courtesy of Capna Fabrication)

Once the system was working at full bore, it was intended for internal use only—Ethos-type systems have been the force behind Capna’s extracts. Now, the same technology is being made available to other producers

“Going to market was a hard decision to make, as it was never our intent for these machines,” said Capna Fabrications CEO Vitaly Mekk. “But we know we have something unique, and it makes us very proud to be at the forefront of an industry that, in our opinion, could benefit from our technology.”

How Are Canadian Patients Using Medical Cannabis?

This article is sponsored by Tilray, one of the largest and most sophisticated producers of medical cannabis in the world. Tilray is dedicated to providing safe, consistent, and reliable products to patients and furthering clinical and observational research examining the therapeutic potential of cannabis.

It seems like every day brings a new study about the ways medical cannabis can be used in healthcare. But how are patients already accessing medical cannabis, and in what form? And more importantly, how is it impacting their quality of life? A new study led by Philippe Lucas, Vice-President of Patient Research & Access for Tilray, and Leafly’s own Nick Jikomes, PhD, provides some of the first answers to these questions.

Tilray’s Philippe Lucas presents data from the company’s latest patient research. (Courtesy of Tilray)

The Tilray Patient Survey 2017 saw the company partner with academics and researchers from the Cleveland Clinic, McMaster University, the University of British Columbia, and the University of Victoria on the largest survey of Canadian medical cannabis patients ever conducted, tracking the responses of 2,032 patients across Canada.

Patient Preferences

Medical marijuana patients who responded to the survey were a median of 40 years old, and men outnumbered women almost two to one. About one in five respondents (22%) had private insurance, but just 3% got financial assistance to help defray the cost of their medical cannabis prescription.


How Canadian Licensed Producers Are Driving Medical Marijuana Research

Respondents were more or less evenly split between their preferences for indica (25%), sativa (22%), and hybrid strains (21%)—just ahead of users who had no preference at 17.5%. High-CBD strains were favored by just 14.5% of respondents, but CBD-heavy varieties made a strong showing among respondents who used extracts and concentrates—50% looked for a high-CBD strain in those products.

Medical Cannabis Instead Of…

Nearly 70% of users reported that they substituted medical cannabis for a previously prescribed medication. The leading substance that medical cannabis replaced? Opioids (36%), with antidepressants (21%) and other pain medications following close behind.

“In 610 mentions of opioid medication, 59% of patients stopped using these painkillers completely, and another 18% cut their consumption to a quarter or less,” said Lucas, the lead author on the study. “This suggests that cannabis may already be playing a harm-reduction role in the current opioid crisis.”

Tilray cannabis oil capsules. (Courtesy of Tilray)

These findings are consistent with US-based research by Bachhuber et al. (2014) showing a nearly 25% reduction in opioid overdose deaths in medical cannabis states compared to neighboring states that did not allow the medical use of cannabis.

It wasn’t just prescription drugs that cannabis helped patients phase out, though. Nearly a third of participants (31%) reported that using medical cannabis had helped them cut their tobacco use, and half of those respondents had quit using tobacco altogether. In addition, 44% of those surveyed reported that medical cannabis helped them consume less alcohol, and 26% said that cannabis products served as a substitute for illicit drugs.

The study also found that the two main conditions that drive patients to seek medical cannabis were chronic pain (38%) and mental health issues (40%), including anxiety and insomnia.


It’s Time to Treat Medical Cannabis Like Medicine

Although cannabis use for medical purposes is gaining acceptance as patients choose it for a variety of health challenges, it doesn’t fit the traditional “take two and call me in the morning” format of other prescriptions. With so many ways to work medical cannabis into a healthcare plan, researchers asked participants how they prefer to get their daily dose.

Flower Power

Despite the variety of delivery methods now available for medical cannabis, respondents tended to stick with a classic: flower was far and away the most popular choice for patients. Most patients (74%) used cannabis on a daily basis, and average consumption was about a gram and a half every day, translating to just over 19 ounces a year. A lot of that was consumed as joints, the most popular method of smoking medical cannabis. 

A package of medicinal flower. (Courtesy of Tilray)

But while traditional flower was the most popular form of cannabis among Canadian patients, new ways of ingesting it are growing in popularity. Almost half (47%) of participants reported that their main cannabis delivery method was non-smoking. Vaporizers, including gear like e-nails and vape pens, were the favored method for 31% of respondents.


The Different Ways to Smoke and Consume Cannabis

Bringing up the rear, juicing was the least popular method of consuming cannabis, with just 0.2% of survey takers calling it their primary method of use. Topicals like oils and salves just edged it out as the most popular forms of cannabis consumption among 0.3% of patients.

Cannabis may already be playing a harm-reduction role in the current opioid crisis.

Philippe Lucas, Vice-President of Patient Research & Access, Tilray


The data patients shared with researchers demonstrates that the long-held promise medical cannabis holds for treating a broad array of conditions is starting to be realized. In particular, the initial findings of this study highlight the potential of medical cannabis to help address North America’s opioid crisis by providing a safer substitute in the treatment of chronic pain. Now, authors of the study are drafting the data into a number of academic publications that will help to better understand and contextualize the results.


How to Choose a Licensed Producer of Medical Cannabis in Canada

“I’ve had the privilege of working with medical cannabis patients for over 20 years, and it’s an honor to be able to share their experiences through studies like the Tilray Patient Survey 2017,” Lucas said.

Disclaimer: Tilray and Leafly are both subsidiaries of Privateer Holdings, Inc.

Tips for Growing Critical Kush Cannabis

Ever wanted to grow your favorite strain? Leafly and General Hydroponics are teaming up on a series of grow guides that will equip you with all the tips and tricks you need to grow different strains successfully.

Strain Overview: Produced by Barney’s Farm, Critical Kush was bred by crossing Critical Mass with OG Kush. Known for its spicy, earthy flavor and overwhelming yield, this strain remains popular among growers and consumers alike.

Grow Techniques: Provide plenty of space for these plants when you grow them. Prune aggressively and trellis the branches so that the buds have room to fill in. Maintain low humidity while flowering and keep airflow up to prevent bud rot. Grow either hydroponically or in soil and keep the buds out of the rain if growing outside. Critical Kush is a great option for growing in greenhouses if you’re looking for a large harvest.

Flowering Time: 8 weeks 

Yield: High

Grow Difficulty: Moderate

Climate: Prefers a temperate to hot climate between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Indoor/Outdoor: Suitable for either indoor or outdoor gardens. Works well in greenhouses where humidity can be managed effectively.

Feeding: Feed heavily while flowering to keep the buds swelling. If using liquid nutrients, also top dress the soil to allow the plants to take in a diversity of flowering nutrients at their desired rate.

Tips for Growing Sensi Star Cannabis

Ever wanted to grow your favorite strain? Leafly and General Hydroponics are teaming up on a series of grow guides that will equip you with all the tips and tricks you need to grow different strains successfully.

Strain Overview: A classic indica bred by Paradise Seeds, Sensi Star has been around for decades and continues to hold its own amongst today’s many popular strains. Sensi Star is known for its powerful high as well as also being a heavy yielder that consistently produces buds blanketed in resin.

Grow Techniques: Paradise Seeds celebrates this strain’s ability to be grown indoors or outdoors successfully. They also note that growing hydroponically or in soil works well. Indoors, you can maximize the yield by using SOG (sea of green) or SCROG (screen of green) methods. Promote bushy growth by topping the plants while they are in vegetative growth. The buds produced are very dense, so keep them away from excess moisture to prevent mold.

Flowering Time: 8 to 9 weeks

Yield: High

Grow Difficulty: Moderate

Climate: Sensi Star likes a controlled, drier climate with temperatures between 68 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Indoor/Outdoor: Grows well indoors or outdoors.

Feeding: Feed this strain with a normal feeding regimen to achieve quality results.

Tips for Growing Pineapple Kush Cannabis

Ever wanted to grow your favorite strain? Leafly and General Hydroponics are teaming up on a series of grow guides that will equip you with all the tips and tricks you need to grow different strains successfully.

Strain Overview: Pineapple Kush was first produced by crossing Pineapple with Master Kush. Kush strains are generally known for their pungent, piney aroma, and this cross sweetens the flavor with tropical notes. This popular Kush variety offers a quality cerebral high with uplifting effects that allow the consumer to stay active and engaged.

Grow Techniques: Overall, Pineapple Kush is an easy strain for novice growers. Keep it indoors to provide an ideal climate, and try growing in soil or hydroponically. Consider using the SOG (sea of green) method while keeping the plants tightly pruned to direct growth to the top colas. To keep plants from falling over, trellis for support as the buds put on density.

Flowering Time: 8 weeks

Yield: Moderate to high

Grow Difficulty: Easy to moderate

Climate: Unlike some Kush strains, Pineapple Kush can handle higher humidity levels without having issues with mold. It prefers a temperature between 68 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Indoor/Outdoor: Pineapple Kush does best indoors in a controlled climate.

Feeding: Like all OG varieties, feed on the heavier side. Go heavy on the CalMag and top dress the soils with phosphorus-rich nutrients when going into flowering.

Tips for Growing Sweet Tooth Cannabis

Ever wanted to grow your favorite strain? Leafly and General Hydroponics are teaming up on a series of grow guides that will equip you with all the tips and tricks you need to grow different strains successfully.

Strain Overview: Sweet Tooth is an indica-dominant strain that was created by crossing three landrace strains in the early 2000s. Stemming from Afghani, Nepalese, and Hawaiian genetics, this award-winning strain has a sweet and fruity flavor, and its effects are deeply relaxing and euphoric.

Grow Techniques: Sweet Tooth is as enjoyable to grow as it is to consume. It offers heavy yields while also being a low-maintenance plant. It is generally pest-resistant and has a strong immune system. Grow this strain indoors or outdoors, and prune the dense indica foliage to promote airflow around the buds.

Flowering Time: 8 to 9 weeks

Yield: High

Grow Difficulty: Easy

Climate: Sweet Tooth likes a cooler climate than most strains. Ideally, keep this strain between 68 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit.

Indoor/Outdoor: This strain grows well either indoors or outdoors. 

Feeding: Feed heavily during the vegetative stage to encourage a quality growth structure and to help the plant develop before its flowering cycle. Use silica to help keep the branches strong as Sweet Tooth’s buds gain weight.

How to Perfect Your Grow Room Dehumidifier Setup

This article is sponsored by Quest Dehumidifiers.

When the team at East Coast Cultivation set out to build its new indoor grow operation in Rhode Island, it knew it had to nail one thing: environmental controls.

“The key factor in having a successful grow is controlling your environment,” said East Coast Cultivation CEO and co-founder Joe Welch. “Once you lose control of your environment, the serious crop-crushing issues begin to take hold.”

East Coast Cultivation cannabis growing facility in Westbrook, Maine. (Quest Dehumidifiers)

The two main “crop-crushers” are concerns many growers face at one time or another: powdery mildew and botrytis, more commonly known as bud rot. Either of these issues can destroy a grow and lead to thousands in lost revenue.

With that knowledge, Joe Welch and his team, including COO and co-owner, Susan Welch, put a significant amount of time into dialing in their grow room dehumidifier setup. That setup, along with an HVAC system, is the backbone of a well-controlled environment, said Welch.

To fine-tune a setup, growers need to focus on three things when it comes to their dehumidifiers said Coleman Retzlaff, a factory representative at Quest Dehumidifiers, which provides commercial units to hundreds of cannabis cultivators nationwide: proper sizing, placement, and air flow.

Strength in Numbers

“Water in equals water out,” is the mantra for growers trying to dial in their humidity levels. It may sound simple, but it’s a little more complicated in practice.

Plants release nearly all of the water they absorb back into the air, so in a sealed grow room, cultivators need to account for and remove that water from the air to ensure proper humidity levels. If a grower uses 25 gallons of water daily, for instance, and 5 gallons go down the drain, that grower is left with 20 gallons. There are eight pints per gallon (dehumidifiers are measured in pints per day), so you need to be able to remove about 160 pints per day from the air.

“When we do this calculation, it really is that simple,” said Retzlaff.

One common misconception that leads to under-sizing a grow room dehumidifier setup is the idea that having an air conditioner means additional humidity control isn’t necessary. While air conditioners can remove some moisture, they are designed to cool, not remove water, and therefore don’t keep pace with the needs of a grow environment.

Maintaining a dehumidifier in the grow room at East Coast Cultivation. (Quest Dehumidifiers)

What’s more, air conditioners rarely run at night when the lights are off and there’s no additional heat added to the room. These are exactly the conditions that can allow mold and mildew to take hold. At East Coast Cultivation, Welch and his colleagues found it was better to oversize their dehumidifier setup with equipment that let them prepare for potential worst-case scenarios.

“The single best tip for dialing in your humidity is to size your units properly and have dehumidifiers that work with automated controls,” said Welch.

He’s in good company on that advice. Seth Lee, operations manager at Denver’s Greenlight Cannabis Company, did the math for how much water his flower room will use when plants are releasing the most water. He runs six dehumidifiers, each capable of pulling 225 pints of water from the air daily. Lee admits his flower room may feel slightly over-engineered—but he’d rather be safe than sorry.

“If you don’t invest in proper environmental controls, it’s almost negligent,” said Lee. “You’re setting yourself up for failure because controlling humidity is a key part of an integrated pest management strategy, and I include mildew and fungus as pests.”

Perfecting Placement

Whether a grower is running a single dehumidifier or a ten-strong legion, proper placement is key to their effectiveness. Knowing how to place dehumidifiers helps to maintain a stable environment and reduces the risk of creating microclimates where humidity spikes and mold can take hold.

To ensure proper placement, Lee advises growers to leave even spacing between each dehumidifier. It’s also vital that growers pay attention to details, like facing the filter side toward the middle of the room and checking regularly to confirm each unit is draining properly.

“We run dehumidifiers above the lights to save space and rely on good airflow from fans to keep the air evenly mixed,” Lee said.

Seth Lee monitors the grow room at Denver’s Greenlight Cannabis Company. (Quest Dehumidifiers)

As grow rooms increase in size, Retzlaff said spacing has become increasingly important because it allows for zoned humidity control. For example, rather than running 15 dehumidifiers at once and then turning them all off, each is automated to sense independently when humidity increases in its zone. This approach keeps the room’s relative humidity more stable and increases energy efficiency, he said.

At East Coast Cultivation, head growers and co-founders Alex Welch and Tyler Greenless opted to go with a modular approach instead, spacing the dehumidifiers so that if one needs service, the others can maintain proper humidity levels in its absence. “You need to build in redundancy,” Greenless said. “We’d rather have three units pulling 225 pints each than one pulling 700 pints. If that 700-pint unit fails, you have no backup, and if it’s not serviced quickly you risk a humidity spike and mold growth.”

Attention to Air Flow

Finally, understanding the shape of each room and how air will flow and mix in that space is critical to ensuring any dehumidifier setup maintains a consistent humidity level in a grow room.

In a long room, growers need dehumidifiers spaced equally to create a circular air flow. If the room is narrow, with one dehumidifier, Retzlaff said discharged air can be pushed over the room to get a consistent air mix across the plant canopy. That’s a stark contrast to a tall room, where growers may want to duct return air down to the floor to create a consistent air flow.

“We can duct our dehumidifiers from the supply and return ports to direct air where growers want it and in the way that works best for their environment,” Retzlaff said. “That added bonus can play a big role in establishing consistent humidity levels.”

For more resources on environmental controls, mildew prevention and humidity tips, check out Quest’s Grow Info page.

Tips for Growing Cinex Cannabis

Ever wanted to grow your favorite strain? Leafly and Botanicare are teaming up on a series of grow guides that will equip you with all the tips and tricks you need to grow different strains successfully.

Strain Overview: Cinex is a popular sativa that was bred by crossing parent strains Cinderella 99 and Vortex. It is known to be a clear-headed strain that alleviates pain while promoting focus and energy. Fruity citrus and earthy aromas make Cinex a perfect option for those looking for something light and pleasant in both high and flavor.

Grow Techniques: Grow Cinex in a greenhouse or indoors hydroponically to maximize your yield. Using clones and the SOG (sea of green) method will ensure a beautiful canopy. This strain is relatively easy to prune and trim, making it popular for large productions.

Flowering Time: 7-9 weeks

Yield: Moderate to high

Grow Difficulty: Easy

Climate: This Washington state-bred strain does well at handling slightly colder temperatures, but will ideally be kept between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Indoor/Outdoor: Thrives both outdoors and indoors.

Feeding: Feed moderately. In the few first weeks of vegging, feed with increased amounts of nitrogen to get the plants healthy and strong before switching to flowering.

Tips for Growing Cinderella 99 Cannabis

Ever wanted to grow your favorite strain? Leafly and General Hydroponics are teaming up on a series of grow guides that will equip you with all the tips and tricks you need to grow different strains successfully.

Strain Overview: Bred by Mr. Soul of Brothers Grimm, Cinderella 99 is the powerhouse cross between Shiva Skunk and Jack Herer. Also known as “Cindy 99,” this hybrid strain offers an uplifting cerebral high paired with a fruity flavor.

Grow Techniques: Cinderella 99 is a great option for growing indoors because of its size and stature. It’s popular for either hydroponic or soil-based growing, but the strong aromas and flavors are best realized in soil. The strain needs to be topped and trained if you want a bushy, even canopy.

Flowering Time: 8 weeks 

Yield: High 

Grow Difficulty: Easy to moderate

Climate: A consistent climate will help this strain hold onto its flavor. Try to keep it between 68 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Indoor/Outdoor: Though popularly grown indoors where conditions are better controlled, Cindy 99 can also be cultivated outdoors. 

Feeding: Feed with organic nutrients through compost teas and top dressing. If Cindy 99 is planted into a quality soil, this plant will do well without much help.