Author: Arizona Marijuana Doctors

Ontario Hypes Penalties for High Driving While Awaiting a Reliable Test

It’s one of the loudest talking points among those who dread Canada’s impending legalization of cannabis: How will law enforcement handle the presumed influx of high drivers soon to be flooding Canadian roads?

On Monday, Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne spoke publicly on the topic, announcing enhanced penalties for those caught operating motor vehicles under the influence of cannabis, with the harshest penalties reserved for young drivers, novice drivers, and commercial drivers.

“We had a goal to balance the new freedom that people in Ontario will have to use cannabis recreationally with everyone’s expectation that it will be managed responsibly,” said Wynne.


Will California’s New Drugged Driving Device Finally Get It Right?

Specifics of the upped penalties come from the Canadian Press, which reports young and novice drivers (with a G1, G2, M1, or M2 licence) caught driving high will face licence suspensions of three to 30 days and fines between $250 to $450. Similar fines await operators of commercial vehicles found driving high, along with three-day licence suspensions.

“Overall, under the proposed changes any driver who registers a fail on a roadside screening device would be fined anywhere from $250 to $450,” reports the Canadian Press. “The current fine is $198. Drivers who refuse to provide a sample for a roadside test face a $550 fine under the proposed law, up from the current $198 fine.”


Blood Testing Drivers for THC is Nonsense, AAA Study Says

The perennial problem with tracking high driving: Authorities still lack a reliable roadside test for cannabis impairment, primarily due to cannabis’s ability to remain detectable in bloodstreams days and even weeks after impairment has waned.

The proposed best hope: oral test strips, which would examine THC levels in saliva and are currently awaiting approval by the federal government. (However, as the Toronto Star notes cryptically, “It’s unclear how effective they will be in cold weather.”)

As always, stay tuned.

TechCrunch Asks Cannabis Breathalyzer CEO ‘Why Are You Such a Narc?’

During the latest TechCrunch Disrupt event, one of the premier events for tech startups, TechCrunch Editor-At-Large Josh Constine wasted no time getting right to the point.

As he sat down to interview Mike Lynn, co-founder and CEO of Hound Labs, a startup in the process of developing the first reliable cannabis breathalyzer, Constine pulled no punches, asking, “Why are you such a narc?”

The question got a laugh from both the audience and Lynn, who then launched into an explanation of the benefits of having a reliable breathalyzer on the market.

“What we really try to do at Hound Labs is really be fair, to balance public safety and fairness because we need to have a standard,” he explained. “We don’t want people going around stoned behind the wheel, just like you can’t drive drunk.”


Should Alcohol and Cannabis Have Separate DUI Laws?

“But,” he pointed to the counterargument, “at the same time, you don’t want to start firing people or arresting people who aren’t impaired.”

Hound Labs raised $8.1 million in its latest round of funding, specifically for research related to this cannabis breathalyzer, but how does it work?

The machine is similar to an alcohol breathalyzer (and does calculate alcohol levels as well as THC), but the machine comes with single-use cartridges. When breath enters the cartridge, a chemical reaction separates THC molecules, allowing the calculation of THC levels.


Researchers Are One Step Closer to a THC Breathalyzer

The Hound Labs breathalyzer is currently only available to law enforcement agencies, a contrary point to Lynn’s vehement denial that he is, in fact, a narc. However, he is looking towards marketing the product for employers to help them recognize whether workers are actively impaired, which could save companies millions of dollars in drug tests costs.

So are cannabis breathalyzers for the best or for narcs? Truth be told, TechCrunch misspelled the word “nark” so who knows? Maybe they’re the ones to watch out for.

Massachusetts Court: Roadside Drunk Driving Tests Not Valid for Cannabis

BOSTON (AP) — Massachusetts’ highest court ruled Tuesday that field sobriety tests typically used in drunken-driving cases cannot be treated as conclusive evidence that a motorist was operating under the influence of marijuana.

There currently is no reliable scientific test for marijuana impairment comparable to tests for blood alcohol content.

The Supreme Judicial Court said it was reasonable for police officers to testify — as non-expert witnesses — only to their observations about how individuals performed during sobriety tests. But officers are not allowed to tell juries if defendants passed or failed such tests, nor offer their own opinions on whether a driver was too high to be behind the wheel.

The ruling came in a case of a man who was charged with impaired driving in 2013.


Will California’s New Drugged Driving Device Finally Get It Right?

The justices noted there currently is no reliable scientific test for marijuana impairment comparable to tests for blood alcohol content, though several potential tools are under development. In drunken-driving cases, results of field sobriety tests can be correlated with blood alcohol readings as evidence of impairment.

The lack of such a test for marijuana has taken on greater significance in states such as Massachusetts that have legalized the recreational use of marijuana for adults, but where driving under the influence of cannabis remains a serious crime.

“While not all researchers agree, a significant amount of research has shown that consumption of marijuana can impair the ability to drive,” the court said in a unanimous decision. “There is ongoing disagreement among scientists, however, as to whether (field sobriety tests) are indicative of marijuana impairment.”


Massachusetts Vows Crackdown on Impaired Drivers

Thomas Gerhardt challenged the admissibility of tests that were conducted by a state trooper in Millbury after he was pulled over on suspicion of impaired driving. The trooper reported smoke in the car, the odor of marijuana and found two marijuana cigarette butts.

Two passengers said they had smoked the joints about 20 minutes earlier, while Gerhardt maintained it had been about three hours since he used marijuana.

During his field sobriety test, Gerhardt was able to recite a portion of the alphabet and count backward, but was unable to properly follow instructions for a so-called walk-and-turn test, leading the officer to conclude he was under the influence of marijuana.

The state Legislature recently ordered creation of a special commission to study issues around driving while impaired by marijuana.

The 100 Cannabis Strains You Must Try Before You Die

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This pure sativa rose to stardom in the late 1960s thanks to its effects: speedy and intense, bordering on psychedelic.

Strain type: Sativa

Parent strains: Central American

Backstory: Panama Red is best described as an old-school cannabis classic. Originating from Panama, this pure sativa rose to stardom in the late 1960s thanks to its effects: speedy and intense, bordering on psychedelic. As cannabis cultivation matured, Panama Red, which has a lengthy flowering time of at least 11 weeks, was left behind for faster-growing strains and increased profits. However, those who fondly recall days of its prominence love its smooth experience and call for its revival. If you can get your hands on this sentimental throwback, do not hesitate.

Why we love it: “A classic cannabis strain and a piece of cannabis history, Panama Red remains a foundational element in the popularization of cannabis around the world.” —Jeremiah Wilhelm

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Trainwreck, White Widow

Backstory: Permafrost, bred by Rogue Buds, is named for its frosty coat of crystal trichomes and fresh pine aroma. While many believe Permafrost to be the love child of Trainwreck and White Widow, others claim it comes from Kali Mist and Trinity Snow. True to its hybrid genetics, Permafrost’s relaxing effects are balanced between mind and body. Larger doses demonstrate the strain’s potency: As sensory detail peaks, attention becomes transfixed, and a full-body calm takes over.

Why we love it: “Permafrost is awesome—a level-headed hybrid that elevates mood while focusing the mind, letting you keep your eye on the prize with a smile on your face.” —Jeremiah Wilhelm


The 5 Easiest Cannabis Strains to Grow for Beginners

Strain type: Indica

Parent strains: Afghani

Backstory: Pez is an indica daughter of Afghani and Pakistani strains. These sweet, frosty buds offer the relaxation and rich body buzz typical of indicas without the drowsiness, making it great for daytime use.

Why we love it: “Pez is a classic strain whose popularity is particularly rooted in the Seattle area. It emits a sweet, piney aroma and creates a happy, euphoric headspace and a calm body high.” —Will Hyde

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: CheeseSkunk No. 1, Pineapple

Backstory: Pineapple Chunk, bred by Barney’s Farm, is an indica-leaning hybrid that induces heavy full-body effects and a fast-paced head buzz. This THC-rich strain combines a Cheese and Skunk #1 cross with Barney’s Pineapple, and you can almost smell its lineage through sour notes of tangy skunk, earthy cheese, and sweet pineapple. Optimally, Pineapple Chunk will deliver a small dose of CBD along with its crushing THC content.

Why we love it: “A rich mix of genetics. Pineapple Chuck expresses itself with big chunky buds that get even better when you grind them up.” —Will Hyde

There’s a reason this strain is a fan favorite. The taste is delightfully tropical with a pleasantly mellow buzz that will leave you giggling.

Lisa Rough, associate editor

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Trainwreck, Hawaiian

Backstory: Pineapple Express combines the potent and flavorful forces of its parent strains. The smell is likened to fresh apple and mango, with an overarching flavor profile mixing pineapple, pine, and cedar. This hard-hitting sativa-dominant hybrid provides a long-lasting energetic buzz perfect for productive afternoons and creative escapes.

Why we love it: “A hybrid strain so good, they made a movie about it.” —Bailey Rahn

“There’s a reason this strain is a fan favorite. The taste is delightfully tropical with a pleasantly mellow buzz that will leave you giggling, and it’s one of the more versatile strains, wonderful for both day and nighttime use.” —Lisa Rough


Google Appears to Mix Strain Ratings With Movie Reviews for ‘Pineapple Express’ Film

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: OG Kush

Backstory: Pink Kush, as coveted as its illustrious relative, is an indica-dominant hybrid with powerful body-focused effects. In its most exceptional variations, pink hairs burst from bright green buds barely visible under a blanket of sugar-like trichomes, with traces of a sweet vanilla and candy perfume in the aroma. The potency of this strain could be considered overpowering, and often small doses are all you need. Growers have to wait 10 to 11 weeks for Pink Kush’s flowering, but high yields of top-shelf buds are worth the wait.

Why we love it: “For lovers of OG Kush (and there are plenty), this sugary-sweet strain begets body-focused effects and stress relief that are better than a massage.” —Brett Konen

The 100 <strong><a href=Marijuana Strains You Must Try Before You Die | Leafly" width="768" height="1024" />Plushberry. (Courtesy of Cameron Karsten)

Strain type: Indica

Parent strains: Black Cherry Soda, Space Queen

Backstory: Plushberry is an 80% indica strain bred by TGA Seeds. The Black Cherry Soda lineage lends this strain an aromatic berry scent, while the Space Queen genetics promote heavy resin production. Plushberry induces a deep relaxation in the mind and body, with calming qualities that melt stress away. There are two main phenotypes of Plushberry: one that grows smaller, pink-tinted plants, and another with bulkier, more indica-like formations.

Why we love it: “One of my personal favorites. A functional indica that both relaxes and motivates alongside a sweet berry, floral flavor.” — Bailey Rahn

“Plushberry is an anomaly among indica strains: While heavily indica-dominant, it doesn’t put you to sleep or cloud your brain. Instead, Plushberry allows you to focus inward. You’ll find yourself pondering deep revelations about life and the universe, which inspires incredible conversations and thoughts.” —Lisa Rough


10 Strains You Might Not Know Are Siblings

Strain type: Indica

Parent strains: Bubble Gum, OG Kush

Backstory: Presidential OG by Royal Queen Seeds is an indica cross that definitely knows how to get your attention with its intense citrus-pine smell. As far as taste goes, it maintains the pine flavor and heads into more earthy terrain. Almost purely indica, this strain hits hard and fast with a sedative effect that make it a popular choice among consumers.

Why we love it: “The Commander in Chief of Kush strains offers heavyweight physical effects and rich earthy flavors suited for heads of state (and everyone else, too).” —Jeremiah Wilhelm

This nostalgic sativa staple remains cherished for its high-energy cerebral stimulation that awakens creativity and blissful contentment.

Strain type: Sativa

Parent strains: Purple Thai, Haze

Backstory: Popularized by Jimi Hendrix’s 1967 classic, Purple Haze delivers a dreamy burst of euphoria that brings veteran consumers back to their psychedelic heyday. This nostalgic sativa staple remains cherished for its high-energy cerebral stimulation that awakens creativity and blissful contentment. Purple Haze is believed to have descended from parent strains Purple Thai and Haze, which pass on a mix of sweet and earthy flavors underscored by notes of berry and sharp spice. Purple Haze buds typically acquire vibrant hues of lavender that justify the name of this strain.

Why we love it: “The classic! Its deep purple color is almost black, and it has a unique Haze flavor that’s just a little sweet. Always loved it for my migraines.” —Will Hyde


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Strain type: Indica

Parent strains: Mendocino Purps

Backstory: Purple Urkle’s history is as complex as its flavor palate. A California strain, its origins are believed to stem from a select phenotype of Mendocino Purps, while its essence is a blend of skunk, berry, and fresh grape aromas and flavors. The quick-onset effects are deeply relaxing, sleep-inducing, and a great option for full-body bliss.

Why we love it: “A California strain, Purple Urkle grows into a candy-sweet flower entangled with purple hues. Its mix of berry and grape aromas captivate and lead to full-body relaxation.” —Will Hyde

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Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: OG Kush, SFV OG Kush

Backstory: Raskal OG smells of lemon and pine with a musty and grassy taste. Bred by Cali Connection, the THC levels range up to 17% and the CBD is up to 0.86%. With dense light and dark green colored buds, this sticky strain is soft when broken apart.

Why we love it: “A cross of OG Kush and SFV OG from SoCal breeder Raskal. Its intense fuel-like aroma mixes with flavors of lemon and citrus and makes for a great bong toke.” —Will Hyde


Sativa vs. Indica vs. Hybrid: What’s the Difference Between Cannabis Types?

Strain type: Sativa

Parent strains: Haze, William’s Wonder

Backstory: Red Headed Stranger is an energizing sativa strain named in homage to the 1975 album by Willie Nelson. A cross between Tom Hill’s Haze and William’s Wonder, Red Headed Stranger offers a jolt of cerebral vigor that fuels creativity and focus. True to its Haze heritage, RHS takes on a sharp spicy aroma with subtle herbal notes.

Why we love it: “A bright sativa strain that inspires creativity and conversation alongside its signature flavor.” —Bailey Rahn

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SAGE combines polar opposites to create an exceptional strain.

Jeremiah Wilhelm, strain researcher

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Haze, Afghani

Backstory: S.A.G.E. stands for Sativa Afghani Genetic Equilibrium. Generally containing over 20% THC, it took second place in the blind test at the 2001 Cannabis Cup. Spicy sandalwood flavors combined with a long-lasting, uplifting high make this a plant for those who like the best.

Why we love it: “A hybrid of potent sativa and Afghani genetics, SAGE combines polar opposites to create an exceptional strain.” —Jeremiah Wilhelm


How to Keep a Cannabis Strain Health and Wellness Journal

Strain type: Sativa

Parent strains: Unknown

Backstory: Schrom is a 70% sativa strain that delivers a clear-headed buzz with a pungent lemon and lime aroma. Its genetics are subject to debate, but many believe it was parented by Romulan and either Silver Haze or Santa Marta Colombian Gold. Its aroma fills the room with an enticing citrus bouquet, but arguably Schrom’s greatest merit is the mental clarity and functional buzz to come. Schrom relaxes the body without slowing the mind and leaves you alert enough to focus on the day’s tasks; however, enjoying this strain late in the evening may be even better.

Why we love it: “Another of my favorites. With a lemon-lime soda flavor, this is a light, uplifting strain that allows you to stay functional and active.” —Bailey Rahn

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: OG Kush

Backstory: SFV OG by Cali Connection is a sativa-dominant hybrid. As the name indicates, this OG Kush relative originates from California’s San Fernando Valley. The flowers are fairly small and may not look impressive, but what this strain lacks in looks it makes up for in heavenly aroma. It’s best when consumed in a flower-friendly vaporizer.

Why we love it: “One of my favorite OG varietals. Its pungent piney flavor and sharp diesel aroma are nostalgic and makes me think of SoCal. Twist one up!” —Will Hyde


Firefly 2 vs. Pax 3: A Portable Vaporizer Comparison

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Unknown

Backstory: From the island of Amami Oshima comes Shiatsu Kush, a powerful hybrid strain brought from Japan by BC Bud Depot. Bred in secret for potent relief of pain, tension, and stress, Shiatsu Kush has a sterling reputation in Japan’s cannabis underground. With an aromatic fusion of pine, vanilla, and cedar, Shiatsu Kush induces a heavy relaxation that calms the mind and body.

Why we love it: “A rising star, Shiatsu Kush is a meditative and centering strain that tenderizes the mind and soul.” —Jeremiah Wilhelm

Skunk #1 has influenced cannabis on a global scale. Through an intricate selective breeding process spanning several generations, this genetic cornerstone of countless hybrids was born.

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: AfghaniAcapulco Gold, Colombian Gold

Backstory: Skunk No. 1 (or Skunk #1) is a hybrid strain that has influenced cannabis on a global scale, parenting a horde of Skunk crosses since it first bloomed in the late 1970s. Sacred Seed Co. originally bred it using diverse genetics from around the world, which converged through an intricate selective breeding process that spanned several generations. Finally, the genetic cornerstone of countless cannabis hybrids was born. The original Skunk #1 gave rise to several variations that were later harvested in the gardens of Sensi Seeds, Dutch Passion, Flying Dutchmen, Nirvana Seeds, and Royal Queen Seeds. As its name suggests, Skunk #1 buds radiate with an aromatic blend of sour skunkiness and subtle earthy notes.

Why we love it: “Skunk #1 has impacted cannabis worldwide, parenting and influencing many modern varieties. The pungent skunky smell is undeniable and the heavy-hitting effects have made Skunk #1 a staple in Amsterdam coffeeshops and beyond.” —Will Hyde


5 Myths About Cannabis and Coffeeshops in the Netherlands

The 100 <strong><a href=Marijuana Strains You Must Try Before You Die | Leafly" width="683" height="1024" />Snoop’s Dream. (Courtesy of Cameron Karsten)

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Blue Dream, Master Kush

Backstory: Hip-hop superstar Snoop Dogg’s fame in the cannabis community is practically peerless. Given his status, Snoop’s Dream is a strain that has a big name to live up to—and this indica-dominant hybrid does not disappoint. The illustrious parent strains are purportedly two of the rapper’s favorites, and they beget sweet blueberry flavors and a pine aftertaste that takes over on the finish.

Why we love it: “A Blue Dream–Master Kush hybrid with a seal of approval from the Doggfather himself. This cross presents sweet blueberry flavors with a smooth Kush finish.” —Will Hyde


‘Snoop & Martha’ Earns the First-Ever Cannabis Industry Emmy Nomination

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Unknown

Backstory: This West Coast strain has developed quite a legacy for itself. Snowcap is a potent sativa with a gorgeous lemony scent backed by a hint of menthol. The effects are decidedly cerebral and should trigger creativity, happiness, and a case of the giggles. Believed to be a hybrid of Humboldt Snow and an unknown Haze, the poorly documented genetic history leaves some mystery surrounding Snowcap. One thing everyone can agree on is the all-around flavor and potency of this robust strain.

Why we love it: “Another West Coast classic. Snowcap is a potent sativa hybrid with an effervescent aroma, and I love its creative buzz and hazy cerebral effects.” —Will Hyde

Perhaps the most popular sativa hybrid, Sour Diesel smells just like its name.

Bailey Rahn, strain editor

Strain type: Sativa

Parent strains: Chemdawg 91, Super Skunk

Backstory: Sour Diesel, sometimes called Sour D, is an invigorating sativa-dominant strain named for its pungent, diesel-like aroma. This fast-acting strain delivers energizing, dreamy cerebral effects that have pushed Sour Diesel to reach legendary status. This strain took root in the early 90s, and it is believed to have descended from Chemdawg 91 and Super Skunk.

Why we love it: “Perhaps the most popular sativa hybrid, Sour Diesel smells just like its name and promotes focus and productivity.” —Bailey Rahn

“I love dank, musty, skunky weed. I love when you get a whiff of a bag that is so stanky it immediately overrides all other priorities and replaces them with, ‘Find that bag and stick your nose in it.’ Sour Diesel tends to do that for me. It’s a weird strain; it’s got a weird genome. It’s weird like huffing jet fuel with a mouth full of Warheads would be weird. I like weird.” —Fermin Romero III

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Sour Diesel, OG Kush

Backstory: Sour OG is a 50/50 hybrid strain that is a real favorite among those who love a balanced sativa/indica buzz. As a cross of two of the most popular and widely available strains in the world, Sour OG has been available in clone and seed form for quite some time. Most samples express dense, round, OG Kush-type buds laden with large, sticky trichomes. The odor and taste are usually an equal mix of both parents, with sour lemon, pine, and fuel notes accented by a distinct Kush undertone (though some versions have a more fruity flavor profile). Often described as a “one-hit-quit” strain, Sour OG starts with an energetic head high that gradually gives way to a relaxing body stone.

Why we love it: “Sour OG is a cross between two heavyweights, Sour Diesel and OG Kush. If you like either of those strains, definitely give this one a rip. The dank mix of diesel and pine create a rush of euphoria and flavor that will have you coming back time and time again.” —Will Hyde


What Are the Best Cannabis Strains for Meditation?

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Sour Diesel, NYC Diesel

Backstory: Sour Tsunami is a strain famous for being one of the first specifically bred for high CBD content. The result is a wellness-focused strain that avoids producing a significant THC-induced high. Lawrence Ringo of the Southern Humboldt Seed Collective bred this strain over four years of hard work by crossing Sour Diesel plants with NYC Diesel.

Why we love it: “Sour Tsunami was bred specifically for its high CBD ratio, yet the sour and slightly tropical flavors stand out when compared to most other high-CBD varieties.” —Will Hyde

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Romulan, Cinderella 99

Backstory: Space Queen is a legendary hybrid created by famed breeder Vic High of the BC Growers Association. It begets a wide array of phenotypes, all of which possess great potency and some variation of a fruity aroma. The most sought-after of these is a large, resinous, high-yielding plant that smells of apples, vanilla and cherries, and has a delicious cherry taste when properly cured. Although it is a hybrid, Space Queen will give users an intense, trippy, speedy buzz that is characteristic of strong sativas.

Why we love it: “A really beautiful sativa hybrid with sweet earthy flavors and a true sativa kick to the mind.” —Will Hyde

“My go to for bad migraine days. Tastes like cherries and heaven.” —Natalie Bernstein

Strain type: Sativa

Parent strains: Unknown

Backstory: Known for its sweet smell of fresh strawberries and an expanding sensation that can make even the most seasoned consumer cough, Strawberry Cough is a potent sativa blend with mysterious genetic origins. The skunky, berry flavors will capture your senses while the cerebral, uplifting effects provide an aura of euphoria that is guaranteed to leave a smile on your face.

Why we love it: “An exceptionally delicious sativa that will have you exhaling a lungful of fresh strawberry flavor.” —Bailey Rahn

“Strawberry Cough brings you an instantaneous rush of energy and euphoria. Great for making it though the day, whether you are a writer, a musician, or your average Joe.” —Gage Peake

The 100 <strong><a href=Marijuana Strains You Must Try Before You Die | Leafly" width="768" height="1024" />Sunset Sherbet. (Courtesy of Cameron Karsten)

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Omitted due to copyright concerns.

Backstory: Heir to the throne of its illustrious predecessor is Sunset Sherbet (sometimes spelled Sunset Sherbert), an indica-leaning hybrid with intoxicatingly potent effects. Sunset Sherbet inherits the genetic lineage of its powerhouse parent, whose parentage in turn includes the famed strains OG Kush, Cherry Pie, and Durban Poison. Crossed with an indica known as Pink Panties, Sunset Sherbet exhibits powerful full-body effects elevated by a jolt of cerebral energy. A complex aroma colors Sunset Sherbet with notes of skunky citrus, sweet berry, and a candy-like smell. Stress, tension, and sour moods melt away with the carefree mindset and physical relaxation that comes with this rich hybrid.

Why we love it: “Blissful, tranquil, and euphoric at once. This strain lives up to its name and gives everything a golden glow.” —Brett Konen

Super Lemon Haze is a kief-caked, multi-colored wonder.

Strain type: Sativa

Parent strains: Lemon Skunk, Super Silver Haze

Backstory: A sativa-dominant hybrid and two time Cannabis Cup winner from Green House Seeds, Super Lemon Haze is a kief-caked, multi-colored wonder. As the name states, this strain has hefty lemony characteristics: The smell in particular is zesty, citrusy, and a little sweet. As for the taste, it’s everything one would expect from the namesake; tart and sweet like lemonheads candy, but not quite as sharp as one might expect. The effects, meanwhile, are uniquely energetic and lively.

Why we love it: “A classic with an additional citrus kick, bump this tasty strain to top of your list. Super Lemon Haze is colorful, terpy, and fantastic in every way.” —Brett Konen

“I like Super Lemon Haze for the creative, euphoric buzz I get from it. Sativas tend to make me feel a little anxious but with this strain I am happy and relaxed, especially in social situations. It also smells amazing!” —Emi Nellenbach


What Is Kief and How Can You Use It?

Super Silver Haze can reach deep into my soul and pull happiness to the surface.

Diana Rocha, customer support specialist

Strain type: Sativa

Parent strains: SkunkNorthern Lights, Haze

Backstory: Super Silver Haze, bred by Green House Seeds, was the first prize winner at the High Times Cannabis Cup in 1997, 1998, and 1999. It also won awards at the High Times Harvest Festival. By crossing the genetics of Skunk, Northern Lights, and Haze, we are left with a beautiful, sticky sativa blend that boasts an energetic, long-lasting body high.

Why we love it: “A multi-award-winning sativa straight out of Holland, Super Silver Haze is a fragrant strain that fuels creativity and ensures unshakeable good moods.”—Bailey Rahn

“Like silver lining on a cloud, Super Silver Haze can reach deep into my soul and pull happiness to the surface. Great post-work strain to shift into social, goofy, energetic vibes and not get anything done but smile.” —Diana Rocha

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Tahoe OG is the perfect rainy day strain.

Will Hyde, cannabis expert

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: OG Kush, SFV OG

Backstory: Tahoe OG, or Tahoe OG Kush, is super-strong and fast-acting—so much so that you may not want to consume this strain if you’re planning to leave the house. Tahoe OG has made a name for itself among other indicas as a top nighttime strain, providing an extremely lazy, heavy body sensation. Due to superb breeding, Tahoe OG embodies all of the typical indica effects with an added euphoric, sativa-like kick. This strain features an earthy, lemon taste, and is a must-try phenotype of OG Kush.

Why we love it: “Tahoe OG is the perfect rainy day strain. It’s a stoney, heavy indica pheno of OG Kush with deep green hues and a tangible hint of sweetness.” —Will Hyde

By all measures, Tangerine Dream is a strain for connoisseurs.

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strainsG13Afghani, Neville’s A5 Haze

Backstory: This winner of the 2010 Cannabis Cup was created by the illustrious Barney’s Farm and is by all measures a strain for connoisseurs. Its ability to knock out physical discomfort while increasing energy is what makes Tangerine Dream so special, and while too much Tangerine Dream may leave you stuck on the couch, this strain was handcrafted to meet the demands of busy consumers. Uplifting and euphoric, it provides users with mental clarity while deeply relaxing the muscles.

Why we love it: “The orange citrus spark of Tangerine Dream will have you vibing with newfound energy. Its sweet finish will invariably make you want more.” —Will Hyde


Tips for Growing Tangerine Dream Cannabis

Strain type: Sativa

Parent strainsCalifornia OrangeSkunk

Backstory: Tangie is another fantastic offering from DNA Genetics in Amsterdam that has quickly gained popularity in its home area and is spreading elsewhere like wildfire. This strain is a remake of sorts of the popular version of Tangerine Dream that was sought-after in the 1990s. This strain’s citrus heritage is most evident in its refreshing tangerine aroma, while its sticky buds provide euphoric yet relaxed effects.

Why we love it: “A high-energy sativa strain with unrivaled flavors of sweet citrus.” —Bailey Rahn

“A good Tangie flower has one of the most unique fragrances of any cannabis flower I’ve smelled. It’s incredibly citrusy, but not overly lemony. It’s got a very warm and well-rounded tangerine smell. It’s a great high. Not especially strong, but very friendly and uplifting.” —Kelly Bennett

One of the quintessential sativa-dominant hybrids, Trainwreck’s intense rush of energy hits like a freight train.

Jeremiah Wilhelm, strain researcher

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Mexican, Thai, Afghani

Backstory: Trainwreck is a mind-bending hybrid with potent sativa-leaning effects that don’t pull any punches. Classic sativas were bred with iconic indicas to produce this Northern California staple, and they pass on a sweet lemon and spicy pine aroma. Trainwreck begins its speedy hurtle through the mind with a surge of euphoria, awakening creativity and happiness.

Why we love it: “One of the quintessential sativa-dominant hybrids, Trainwreck’s intense rush of energy hits like a freight train.” —Jeremiah Wilhelm

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Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Skunk No. 1

Backstory: UK Cheese is a popular hybrid strain known for its potent, balanced effects and signature musty cheese smell. The flavor is also unique, with notes of berries and spicy cheese (a characteristic that may just have to be tasted rather than described). This strain is thought to be a specific phenotype of Skunk No. 1 that was originally cultivated in the early 1990s by a UK collective group known as Exodus. As a result, this strain is also known as Exodus Cheese. It became popular for its energetic, euphoric head effects combined with its impressive pain relief potential, and quickly spread beyond the borders of its British homeland.

Why we love it: “A UK strain with a unique, funky, and yep—you guessed it—“cheesy” aroma that’s definitely worth experiencing.” —Bailey Rahn


Cannabis Genotypes and Phenotypes: What Makes a Strain Unique?

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Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Fire OG, The White

Backstory: White Fire OG, also known as WiFi OG, is a 60% sativa hybrid with uplifting and comfortable cerebrally-focused effects. This strain combines the best features of its parent strains: the sour, earthy, diesel aroma of Fire OG and the high resin production of The White. Many phenotypes of White Fire OG exist, some with dense, barrel-like buds and others with pointed, conic formations.

Why we love it: “Also known as WiFi, White Fire OG is a super potent OG variety and is great when concentrated and dabbed! Its loud aroma and intense euphoria will provide a solid knockout combination.” —Will Hyde


Marvel at These Gorgeous Cannabis Pictures

Among the most famous strains worldwide is White Widow, a balanced hybrid first bred in the Netherlands.

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: South American, South Indian Indica

Backstory: Among the most famous strains worldwide is White Widow, a balanced hybrid first bred in the Netherlands by Green House Seeds. In the years since its birth in the 1990s, White Widow has graced every Dutch coffeeshop menu. Its buds are white with crystal resin, warning you of the potent effects to come. A powerful burst of euphoria and energy hit the consumer immediately, stimulating both conversation and creativity. White Widow’s genetics have given rise to many other legends like White RussianWhite Rhino, and Blue Widow.

Why we love it: “The potent and earthy resin-queen hailing from Amsterdam.” —Bailey Rahn

Strain type: Indica

Parent strains: Afghani

Backstory: Willy’s Wonder, or William’s Wonder to the more formal, is one of those cannabis strains of legendary status that you’ll just have to try to fully appreciate. Indica-dominant, the flowers are colorful with all possible hues of green, yellow, and red. The strain’s aroma is an equally diverse mix of tropical fruit and citrus, all of which also come through in its sweet and sour taste. It was originally developed in the 1980s and has only grown in popularity and potency since then. New patients be warned, however: This strain may be one to work up to.

Why we love it: “Willy, as his friends call him, is an indica-dominant strain with a heavy Afghani influence. The bulbous buds and thick layer of trichomes will catch your eye, while the pungent, earthy notes and citrus flavors will captivate your senses.” —Will Hyde

● ● ●

Happy and functional, XJ-13’s lightweight effects should make it a mainstay in any consumer’s collection.

Jeremiah Wilhelm, strain researcher

Strain type: Hybrid

Parent strains: Jack Herer, G13 Haze

Backstory: XJ-13 is a sativa-dominant strain cherished for both its therapeutic potency and enjoyable euphoric buzz. This cross induces unencumbered cerebral effects perfect for stimulating creativity and conversation. As if we needed another reason to love this lightweight sativa, XJ-13 consistently exhibits a strong citrus aroma accented by notes of earthy pine. Novice consumers looking for an easy, paranoia-free experience can depend on XJ-13 as a surefire hit.

Why we love it: “Happy and functional, XJ-13’s lightweight effects should make it a mainstay in any active cannabis consumer’s collection.” —Jeremiah Wilhelm

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Strain type: Indica

Parent strains: Grape Ape, Grapefruit

Backstory: Zkittlez is an indica-dominant mix of Grape Ape and Grapefruit that is crossed with another undisclosed strain to produce this candy-flavored cannabis bred by 3rd Gen Family and Terp Hogz. The award-winning combination took 1st Place at the 2016 Emerald Cup and 1st Place Indica at the 2015 Cannabis Cups in San Francisco and in Michigan. Its chunky colas explode in a spectrum of light green hues and emit a sweet, tropical blend of fruit flavors. The effects of Zkittlez are surprisingly uplifting for an indica, leaving consumers focused, alert, and happy while relaxing the body to help the consumer unwind.

Why we love it: “A newer candied strain that has quickly become an award-winner. Zkittlez emits sweet, tropical, fruity smells and has sort of a berry flavor to it. The strain makes great rosin and is an absolutely delicious dab.” —Will Hyde

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Want to learn more about awesome cannabis strains? Explore the Leafly database here.

Flood images: Cameron Karsten for Leafly.

Oregon Update: Cannabis Audit Coming—and Jeff Sessions, too

United States Attorney General Jeff Sessions is scheduled to speak with law enforcement officials in Portland, OR, on Tuesday afternoon, to address the ongoing controversy around so-called sanctuary cities.

While the speech, set for 1 p.m. at the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) field office in Northwest Portland, is likely to be all about immigration matters, the visit will put Sessions—a vocal critic of both medical and adult-use legalization—smack dab in the middle of cannabis country.

While in town, Sessions is scheduled to meet privately with US Attorney Billy Williams and local police officers, including Multnomah County Sheriff Mike Reese, who heads the Portland Police Association.

The attorney general has, in recent months, leveled sharp criticism at Oregon’s legal cannabis industry, alleging, among other claims, that the state is still a major player in the country’s illegal cannabis market.


Oregon Governor and Police Superintendent Slam Sessions’ Memo

Session’s comments, which also included claims that cannabis extraction since legalization has fueled a rise in home explosions, were met with heavy criticism by Oregon Gov. Kate Brown and Oregon State Police Superintendent Travis Hampton.

Much of Sessions’ criticism was based on a preliminary Oregon State Police report, which was still in draft form at the time. In a letter to Sessions, Brown said the document was flawed and shouldn’t be used to draw conclusions about the state’s cannabis system.

“The Oregon State Police determined that the draft report required significant additional work and revision because the data was inaccurate and heavily extrapolated conclusions were incorrect,” Brown wrote, adding that the report does not reflect the “on the ground” reality in Oregon.

While protests are expected around Sessions’ sanctuary-city speech, it’s not yet clear how or whether residents will respond to the attorney general’s threatening stance toward cannabis. We’ll update this story if Sessions’ visit takes a turn toward cannabis.


Oregon Bill Would Adjust State’s Medical, Adult-Use Cannabis Programs

Oregon’s Cannabis Industry to be Audited

In other Oregon news, The Oregonian’s Noelle Crombie reports that the state’s cannabis industry will get its first audit from the secretary of state. The audit will look at how the state has been regulating its cannabis industry.

One focus of the audit will be how the state keeps track of the largely cash-based industry, Crombie writes, as most banks have not yet open their doors to cannabis-industry clients. Auditors will also evaluate whether the Oregon Liquor Control Commission provides timely and appropriate guidance to cannabis businesses.

Earlier this year, an outside audit of the state’s cannabis industry found that regulating cannabis, coupled with legislative changes to the cannabis program, “have created a strain” on the commission, which had been focused on alcohol matters prior to cannabis legalization.


Contaminated Cannabis Still Hitting the Shelves in Oregon, Report Finds

Male vs. Female Cannabis: How to Determine the Sex of Your Plant

In the world of plants, reproduction can happen in a variety of ways. Hermaphrodite plants grow single flowers that have both male and female reproductive organs. Monoecious plants produce two different types of flowers on the same plant. And then there are dioecious plants like cannabis, which produce either male or female reproductive organs.

Because cannabis grows as either a male or female plant, we can isolate the benefits of growing females with or without male interference. Introducing both males and females will result in cross-pollination and thus seeds, which is how a breeder achieves new genetics. On the other hand, removing a male from the garden allows female plants to grow large, seedless buds (called sensimilla). The resinous buds that we consume all come from female plants.


4 Ways to Make Use of Male Cannabis Plants

Seeded buds are generally regarded as lower-quality cannabis. When seeds are present, the smoke becomes harsh and unpleasant. However, growers may introduce male plants to pollinate females if breeding a new strain or collecting seeds for next year’s crop.

Female genetics can be guaranteed by obtaining clones and feminized seeds. If, however, you’re working with regular seeds or are unsure of your seed type, knowing how to determine the sex of your plant is vital to developing new genetics, gathering seeds, or growing sensimilla. Luckily, sexing cannabis plants is easier than one might think if you know when and where to start looking.

How to Determine the Sex of a Cannabis Plant

Female cannabis pre-flowers grow as tiny bracts with hair-like stigma peeking out. Male plants produce small, round balls at the nodes. (Amy Phung/Leafly)

Cannabis plants show their sex by what grows in between their nodes (where leaves and branches extend from the stalk). What starts as a pollen sac on a male plant or a stigma on a female will become what either spreads or catches pollen, respectively. Luckily, we can see these differences weeks before they actually start serving their purposes in the reproduction cycle. These are known as “pre-flowers.”

Pre-flowers begin to develop four weeks into growth, but they may take a little longer depending on how quickly the sprouting phase occurred. By the sixth week, you should be able to find the pre-flowers and confidently determine the sex of your plant.


Cannabis Anatomy: the Parts of the Plant

Pre-flowers can initially be extremely small and hard to identify with the naked eye, but you can use a small jeweler’s magnifying glass to get a better look. Examine the nodes of the plant and look for either the early growth of small sacs (male) or two bracts (female), which will eventually produce the hair-like stigma.

Though there are other methods to determine what sex the plant is, examining pre-flower formation is the most reliable. Removing males early on is important for two reasons: it frees up space in your garden so females grow bigger and stronger, and it prevents males from pollinating females.

What Are Hermaphrodite Cannabis Plants?

Hermaphrodite cannabis can express both sex organs and self-pollenate. (Amy Phung/Leafly)

When a female plant develops both male and female sex organs, it is considered hermaphrodite. This means your cannabis plant is now capable of producing pollen that can pollinate your entire garden. “Herming out,” as some call it, is something that generally happens when a plant becomes excessively stressed. Some plant stressors include:

  • Plant damage
  • Bad weather
  • Disease
  • Nutrient deficiencies


Avoid These 5 Common Cannabis Growing Mistakes

There are two types of hermaphrodite plants:

  • A plant that develops both buds and pollen sacs
  • A plant that produces anthers, commonly referred to as “bananas” due to their appearance

While both result in pollen production, true hermaphrodites produce sacs that need to rupture, while anthers are exposed, pollen-producing stamen.

Because this occurs when cannabis is under stress, it’s important to monitor plants after they have been exposed to stressors. Indoors, high temperatures, or light leaks are often the cause. Outdoors, a snapped branch might be repaired and then turn into a hermaphrodite.


How to Train Your Cannabis Plants for Better Yields and Potency

The other primary cause of hermaphrodite plants lies in the plant’s genetics. A plant with poor genetics or a history of hermaphrodite development should be avoided to protect your garden. If you notice any pollen sacs or anthers at any point, remove the plant from your garden immediately to prevent pollination of female plants.

If you’re interested in pollinating portions of your crop, remember that pollen is extremely potent and very good at traveling. Keep your males intended for pollination far from your garden space and work carefully with that pollen.

Smoke This, Play That Vol. 4: Buddy & Kaytranada, Passion Pit, Oliver, and More

Greetings, fellow music lovers, and welcome the newest edition of Smoke This, Play That, where I get so high that I no longer know my name and listen to a bunch of music to find out what you should be playing through your speakers. This month is packed full of musical nutrients for the eardrums, so without further ado, here are my five album suggestions for this month. Enjoy!

Daniel Caesar – Freudian

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Daniel Caesar is a new kid out of Toronto with a very powerful, unique voice and sound. If I had to pick a comparison, I’d call him a baby Sampha, but his music really gives you a H.E.R. feeling in the way that it makes you long for something/someone who never existed. Freudian is audio nostalgia. If you’ve ever been in love, or fallen out of love, or just had a really good meal that you think about often, you will definitely cry to “Blessed.” Don’t say I didn’t warn you.


What Are the Side Effects of High-THC Cannabis?

Strain: Strawberry Cough

I like Strawberry Cough because I can smoke it and still make moves. It makes me feel upbeat and lively, which is why it pairs perfectly with Freudian. Even though the songs have such deep and meaningful messages, the sound of the album is still very upbeat and soul-capturing. The highs of THC combine with the highs of the music to form quite the holy matrimony. Love this strain, love this album.

Oliver – Full Circle

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This is my favorite album on the list. It’s so damn good. I’d never heard of Oliver before, but I loved Full Circle so much that I’ll definitely listen to anything they put out from this moment forward. It’s one of those albums where the tracks transition between each other so well that if you’re high while listening, it’ll all blend into one long-ass song. I went on a walk to this album and once it ended, I realized that I’d walked five miles. That’s how lost you get in the music.


The Culture of a Legal Cannabis City: What’s It Like?

Strain: Dutchberry

I had Dutchberry back when I was in Seattle and haven’t stopped thinking about it since. I LOVE this strain. Like, I want to date it. Dutchberry smells and burns like a fruit-flavored candle, tastes delicious, and feels like a cloud. The effects will have you low-key giddy and in an unexplainable good mood, just like Full Circle.

Buddy & Kaytranada – Ocean & Montana EP

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Buddy’s a young cat out of Compton who makes some of the best-feeling/most fun music I’ve heard in a really long time. He also really, really loves himself some cannabis. I mean, he made an entire song about looking for a lighter to spark his blunt. But him being on the list isn’t just about cannabis; this EP shoots 5/5 from the field. Produced by Kaytranada, Ocean & Montana is a trip through the mind of a young man who just wants to get high, chase women, and party with his friends. I don’t know about you, but that’s relatable content for me.


The Best and Worst Blunt Wrappers: A Definitive (and Completely Subjective) Ranking

Strain: Travel Joint

This EP is a trip through Buddy’s mind, so Travel Joint is a logical pairing. But in addition to that, Travel Joint is a fun strain, man. I smoked it in Las Vegas before taking a walk down the strip, and even though I was doing nothing, I still had a lot of fun. I credit the high for that. Plus, Buddy makes super fun music (give “A Lite” a listen), so he needs to be paired with a fun strain. Indulge in and enjoy both, my pals.

Tennyson & Mr. Carmack – Tuesday Wednesday Thursday

I checked out Tennyson while creating this month’s playlist and let me tell you, that boy makes some great music. Vibing out to his Like What EP lead me to Tuesday Wednesday Thursday, a joint project with Mad Decent producer Mr. Carmack. It’s only three songs, but you’ll definitely play it on repeat so many times that it’ll feel like a whole album. I’d describe T-W-TH as audio therapy. It’s mood-changing music that’s perfect for anyone who’s in a bad mood or just having one of those days where you can’t shake the bad vibes. Plus, there’s a BJ The Chicago Kid feature on “Thursday.” You can’t beat that.


Does Cannabis Make You Grumpy?

Strain: Fruity Pebbles

Fruity Pebbles sounds like a basic foo-foo strain, but don’t let the smooth taste fool you. It’ll hit you with a pretty strong high, and it lasts a while, too. I smoked a Fruity Pebbles pre-roll and the next thing I knew, I was dancing around downtown Seattle like ol’ boy in the Apple EarPods commercial for no discernible reason. This is why it pairs so well with Tuesday Wednesday Thursday. Much like the album, Fruity Pebbles is a mood-changer that’ll have you feeling relaxed and content.

Passion Pit – Tremendous Sea of Love

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This was my first introduction to Passion Pit and they are definitely worth the high. Tremendous Sea of Love has a big sound that only gets bigger as you get higher. I smoked a blunt of OG Kush to this, and by the end of the album, my hands were to the heavens and I was feeling all kinds of positive energy. I became one with the music. I was a human treble clef. Do yourself a favor: get stupid high, then go sit on some grass and let Tremendous Sea of Love play as you stare at the sunset. ‘Cause that’s exactly what it’ll make you feel like doing. It’s a true musical journey.


Tips for Growing OG Kush Cannabis

Strain: OG Kush

I know I’ve suggested this strain for past albums, but it’s what I smoked while determining if Tremendous Sea of Love was worth the high. I was a little tired before listening, but that OG hit me with a surge of energy that took the entire musical experience to the highest level.

Lastly, as always, I’ve composed an Apple Music playlist of newish songs for your next Walk ‘n Toke. Light up some fire, grab your headphones, and take a lap around the block to Smoke This, Play That Vol. 4:

High Number of Applicants for Arkansas Medical Marijuana

LITTLE ROCK, Ark. (AP) — Would-be growers and distributors of Arkansas’ initial medical marijuana crop flooded a state office building Monday, turning in thousands of pages of paperwork and handing over thousands of dollars in application fees.

Applicants faced a three-hour wait ahead of Monday afternoon’s deadline, as their number greatly exceeded the clerks available to review paperwork to ensure it was complete. Those hoping to grow medical marijuana had to pay a $15,000 application fee, while potential distributors paid $7,500. Unsuccessful applicants will have half their money refunded.


After Weeks of Waiting, Arkansas Receives MMJ Dispensary Applications

Department of Finance and Administration spokesman Scott Hardin said about 300 firms or individuals had submitted applications by the close of business Monday. Clerks were staying late to handle applications from those in the office by the deadline. About 100 people or firms sought to grow marijuana, with the others hoping to distribute it.

“If you can beat us at our game, I give you all the credit in the world.”

Chris Stone, Illinois dispensary operator

Arkansas voters last year approved marijuana use by people with certain medical conditions. The new state Medical Marijuana Commission will review applications after the names of companies and individuals have been redacted and then select up to five growers and 32 distributors. The Arkansas Health Department has approved 1,200 people for a medical marijuana registry, making them eligible to obtain the drug.

Applications from the potential growers and distributors were about 1,000 pages long, on average. Several who dropped off applications elected not to identify themselves publicly, while others spoke openly about why they considered their applications worthy.

“If you can beat us at our game, I give you all the credit in the world,” said Chris Stone, who operates two dispensaries in Illinois. He has teamed with a pair of Arkansas pharmacists and wants to grow marijuana in the rich, agricultural lands near Brinkley and distribute marijuana at a dispensary on the east side of Jonesboro.


Arkansas Has Received Zero Applications to Grow or Dispense Medical Cannabis

He said his firm failed in a previous attempt to win a grower’s permit in Illinois, but took the feedback from that loss to fashion a pair of 1,800-page applications in Arkansas.

“Those with successes in other states probably have a leg up on those who are putting together an application for a first time,” he said.

Approval for medical marijuana passed with 53 percent of the vote last November, but the ballot issue lost in nearly half of the state’s 75 counties.

Jerry Cox, the president of the Arkansas Family Council, which opposed the effort, said his group would help leaders in cities and counties that don’t want marijuana operations nearby by suggesting language for local petitions. A provision in the medical marijuana law gives communities a local-option on allowing them — similar to allowing liquor sales in some Arkansas counties (called “wet”) and not in others (called “dry”).


Arkansas Expecting 20,000-40,000 Medical Marijuana Patient Applications

“There have been some communities that have expressed angst about there being a marijuana facility in their community. It’s only fair to give them a chance to opt out,” he said. “We have wet and dry counties. Why shouldn’t it be the same for marijuana?”

Hardin said there is no timetable for when applications must be approved or medical marijuana distributed.

Community Reeling After Washington Budtender Found Deceased

Members of Cheney, Washington’s cannabis community received news on Friday that their worst fears had been confirmed: Cameron Smith, the budtender who was abducted the previous weekend, had been found dead.


Washington Budtender Abducted, Still Missing

Smith’s body was discovered by Spokane County Rescue just off State Route 904 west of Cheney, near Four Lakes, on Sept. 15 around 3 p.m. Cheney PD described the location of Smith’s body as being “concealed in heavy cover” several feet from the roadway, near near where authorities last made contact with his cell phone and just south of where his vehicle was ultimately located, in Airway Heights.

Stacia Shirley, manager at Lucid Cheney, described the dispensary atmosphere upon hearing the news. “We’re just heartbroken,” she said.

The team at Lucid received word about an hour before the news was officially released to the media on Friday.


How a Cannabis Store Manager Foiled Armed Robbers in Seattle

Employees were sent screenshots of a Facebook update written by the suspect, 36-year-old Donovan Culps. “It was essentially a crazy written confession of guilt,” Shirley said. “Basically, ‘Yes, I did it, the two women weren’t involved.’ And the end, about how Cam was gone–‘Ain’t no coming back.’”

“He was a son, a father, a brother, an uncle, and a grandfather. He was a beautiful person doing the best he could do, and he was a good friend.”

Stacia Shirley, Lucid Store Manager

According to Shirley, Culps’ post on his private Facebook profile also indicated that he was ready to take on law enforcement. “He said they had a ‘shoot to kill warrant’ and that he was ready for it,” she explained.

Culps was apprehended on Thursday in Goldendale, 240 miles south of Cheney, near the Washington–Oregon border. The suspect was arrested after leading police on a chase that ended with Culps crashing into a tree. He was booked into Klickitat County Jail awaiting charges of first-degree kidnapping and first-degree robbery. A Cheney police captain said last week that if Smith’s body were to be found, the charges would be upgraded to include first-degree murder.


Was That Seattle Cannabis Shop Robbery an Inside Job?

Law enforcement also apprehended Alisha Jackson, 18, for her presence during the abduction. She was already in police custody for separate charges but faces a federal charge of failing to report a felony. The third suspect, 18-year-old Violetta Culps, niece of Donovan Culps, has not been apprehended.

The team at Lucid has been reeling since Smith’s abduction, but Shirley told Leafly that they’ve all been trying to stay strong for Cam. “We’re just trying to push forward with a strong face, and that just shows what a strong influence he was on us. He would want us to stay strong,” she said.

Lucid has set up a GoFundMe campaign to support Smith’s family and help cover funeral costs. Shirley also asked that members of the cannabis community consider one of Smith’s biggest goals. “He always wanted to be [DOPE Industry Awards’] Budtender of the Year. It’s what he lived for and what he strived for, and now we’re trying to get him nominated.”

Shirley’s words echoed many of the sentiments expressed through the community on Lucid’s social media: “He was a son, a father, a brother, an uncle, and a grandfather. He was a beautiful person doing the best he could do, and he was a good friend.”

New Brunswick Announces $90 Million Cannabis Buy

Among the many questions facing Canadian provinces as the country speeds toward its July 1 cannabis-legalization deadline: Where will all this freshly legal recreational cannabis come from?

Late last week, New Brunswick stepped up with an answer, announcing multimillion-dollar deals with a pair of federally licensed medical marijuana producers. New Brunswick’s Organigram Holdings will supply the province with five million grams of cannabis a year, and Ontario’s Canopy Growth Corp. will provide an additional four million grams per year.

Together, the two producers will sell New Brunswick over $90 million worth of cannabis annually. “As part of their supply agreements with New Brunswick, Canopy and Organigram said they will help fund public education or social programs,” reports the Financial Post. (The Post also notes that shares of both Canopy and Organigram rose on the day of the deal’s announcement, “closing up by 2.09 per cent and 16.74 per cent, respectively.”)


Here’s How Canada Could Decriminalize Marijuana Right Now

Speaking to CBC News, Canopy Growth president Mark Zekulin expressed excitement about “one of the biggest drug deals in Canadian history,” while Organigram CEO Greg Engel noted the deal will require his company to double its number of employees over the next six to eight months.

Along with its humongous cannabis buy, New Brunswick also announced the creation of a new Crown corporation that will oversee—but not conduct—cannabis sales. “[T]he creation of this new provincial Crown corporation provides the flexibility and lays the groundwork for the eventual retail model once final decisions around that have been made,” Provincial Finance Minister Cathy Rogers said in a press release.


Does Cannabis Belong in Liquor Stores? Provinces Tussle Over an Answer

This “Crown corporation” model has already drawn criticism, with Tory MLA Ross Wetmore telling the CBC that such a model requires the government to assume the costs of distribution and all liability for sales. “We don’t know how the sales are going to go, it’s going to be legal all across the country,” he said. “People aren’t going to flock to New Brunswick.”

Meanwhile, the New Brunswick Medical Society praised the arrangement as the best approach for regulating recreational cannabis sales. “We reiterate our recommendation that, unlike NB Liquor, the corporation managing the sale of cannabis should not be profit-driven or subject to a profit target established by the provincial government,” said Dr. Dharm Singh, president-elect of the society, in a statement to the CBC.

Stay tuned for specifics on how and where New Brunswick’s $90 million worth of cannabis will be sold (and for how much).